Abubuwa 7 game da Covid-19 wadanda ke damuwa da shugabannin kasuwancin

London (Kasuwancin CNN) Rage koma bayan tattalin arziki shine babbar damuwa ga masu zartarwa na kamfanin yayin da suke tunanin barnatarwa daga cutar ta kwalara. Amma akwai sauran abubuwa da yawa da za su iya tsayar da su da daddare.

Masu zartarwa wadanda aikinsu shine gano hatsarin suma suna damu da batun karuwa a cikin fatarar kudi, da yawan matasa rashin aikin yi da karuwar hare-haren sari-ka-nozu da suka taso daga canji zuwa aiki mai nisa, a cewar wani rahoto daga kungiyar tattalin arzikin duniya (WEF), Marsh & McLennan da Insuranceungiyar Inshorar Zurich.
Marubutan sun bincika kusan kwararrun masu haɗarin kusan 350 daga manyan kamfanoni a duniya. Dangane da rahoton, wanda aka buga a ranar Talata, kashi biyu bisa uku na masu da suka amsa sun ba da cikakken jinkiri game da koma bayan tattalin arzikin duniya a zaman “mafi damuwa” da ke fuskantar kamfanoninsu. Marubutan rahoton sun kuma nuna alamun rashin daidaituwa, raunin alkawuran sauyin yanayi da kuma rashin amfani da fasaha yayin da hadarin da ke faruwa daga kamuwa da cutar Covid-19.
An gudanar da binciken ne a makonni biyu na farko na Afrilu.
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Masu yin fafutuka a duniya yanzu suna neman kwashe tattalin arzikinsu daga gurbacewar cutar kwayar cutar kwaro-kwararo, da sake bude kasuwanni, makarantu da sufuri, yayin da ya iyakance hadarin sake bullar cutar ta biyu wacce zata iya haifar da sabbin hanyoyin rufewa.
Asusun Ba da Lamuni na Duniya ya ce a watan da ya gabata cewa yana tsammanin GDP na duniya zai yi kwangila da kashi 3% a shekarar 2020, koma bayan tattalin arzikin da ya tabarbare tun bayan Babban Bala'in da aka yi a shekarun 1930.
Marubutan rahoton WEF sun ce "an rage yawan ayyukan tattalin arziki, dala tiriliyan daloli a shirye-shiryen da ake bayarwa kuma hakan na iya haifar da sauye-sauye a tsarin tattalin arzikin duniya gaba, yayin da kasashe ke shirin farfadowa da farfadowa," in ji marubutan rahoton na WEF.
Sun kara da cewa "Biyan bashin zai iya sanya kasafin kudin gwamnati da daidaita ma'aunin kamfanoni na shekaru masu yawa ... tattalin arzikin da ke tafe na fuskantar hadarin fadawa cikin wani rikici mai zurfi, yayin da 'yan kasuwa zasu iya fuskantar hauhawar amfani, da kuma samar da gasa," in ji su. , nuna damuwa ga shugabannin zartarwa na fatarar kudade da inganta masana'antu.
Asusun ba da Lamuni na Duniya (IMF) yana tsammanin bashin gwamnati a cikin kasashe masu tasowa zai karu zuwa 122% na GDP a wannan shekara daga 105% a 2019. Rashin matsayi na kasafin kudi a cikin manyan tattalin arziki ya kasance damuwa don 40% na shugabannin zartarwar da aka bincika, tare da marubutan rahoton sun ba da shawarar cewa kashewa a yau na iya haifar da sabuwar shekara ta neman walwala ko kuma hauhawar haraji.
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Lokacin da aka tambaye su game da damuwar su ga duniya, wadanda aka bincika sun ambaci matakan rashin aikin yi na tsari, musamman tsakanin matasa, da kuma wani fashewa na duniya na Covid-19 ko wata cuta ta daban.
Wani jami'in hadarin a Zurich, Peter Giger, ya ce a cikin wata sanarwa, "Babban annobar za ta sami sakamako na dindindin, saboda rashin aikin yi ya shafi amincewar masu amfani, rashin daidaito da jin dadi, da kuma kalubalantar ingancin tsarin kariyar jama'a," in ji Peter Giger, babban jami'in hadarin a Zurich.
Ya kara da cewa "Tare da matsin lamba a kan aiki da ilimi - sama da daliban biliyan biliyan 1.6 sun rasa zuwa makaranta yayin bala'in - muna fuskantar hadarin wani tsara da ya rasa. Yanke shawarar da aka yanke yanzu zai tantance yadda wadannan hadarin ko damar za su taka," in ji shi.
Yayin da hadin kan da aka kirkira ta haifar da cututtukan cututtukan cututtukan cututtukan cututtukan cututtukan fata suna ba da damar "gina ƙarin haɗin kai, daidaituwa da daidaitattun al'ummomi," a cewar marubutan rahoton, rashin zaman lafiyar da ke haifar da karuwar rashin daidaito da rashin aikin yi shine haɗarin da ke haifar da tattalin arziƙin duniya.
"Haɓaka aikin na nesa don ma'aikata masu ƙwararru yana iya haifar da rashin daidaituwa a kasuwar aiki da ƙara darajar kuɗi ga waɗanda ke da ƙwarewar wayar hannu," in ji su.
Akwai wata shaida da za a nuna cewa karancin kuɗi da ma’aikatan ƙaura ke ɗaukar nauyin tattalin arziƙin tattalin arzikinsu daga matakan kulle-kullen.
Rahoton ya kuma gano cewa ci gaba kan alƙawarin muhalli na iya hana cikas. Duk da yake sabbin ayyuka da halaye game da tafiye tafiye na iya sauƙaƙa sauƙi don ganin an sami sauƙin sake dawo da carbon, "watsi da ci gaba mai dorewa a kokarin dawo da shi ko dawo da haɓaka tattalin arzikin duniya" yana haɗarin kawo sauyi ga samar da makamashi mai tsabta, in ji marubutan.
Sun yi taka tsantsan cewa mafi girman dogaro kan fasaha da kuma hanzarta fitar da sabbin hanyoyin, kamar neman tuntuɓar, suna iya "ƙalubalanci alaƙar da ke tsakanin fasahar da gudanar da mulki," tare da tasiri mai ɗorewa ga jama'a daga rashin amana ko rashin gaskiya.

Lokacin aikawa: Mayu-20-2020